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What is the difference between subtitles and surtitles?

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Subtitles and surtitles are both forms of textual translations that are used in theatrical performances, but they have some key differences.

Firstly, subtitles are typically used in film or television, where the translated text is displayed at the bottom of the screen. Subtitles are usually used to translate dialogue or narration for viewers who do not understand the original language. They are pre-recorded and cannot be changed once they are projected onto the screen.

On the other hand, surtitles are used in live performances, such as opera or theatre, where the translated text is projected above or beside the stage. Surtitles are used to translate the dialogue or lyrics for the audience members who do not understand the language being spoken or sung on stage. Unlike subtitles, surtitles are live and can be edited or adjusted during the performance to ensure accuracy and clarity.

Another difference between subtitles and surtitles is the amount of text that is displayed. Subtitles are usually limited to a few lines of text at a time, as they have to fit within the constraints of the screen. Surtitles, on the other hand, can display larger amounts of text, as they are projected onto a larger surface area.

Additionally, subtitles are often done for the benefit of individuals who are hard of hearing or have difficulty understanding the spoken language. Surtitles, on the other hand, are primarily used for audience members who do not understand the language being spoken or sung on stage, regardless of their hearing abilities.

Lastly, subtitles are often used for individuals who are hard of hearing or struggle to understand the spoken language, whereas surtitles cater to audience members who don't understand the language being spoken or sung on stage, regardless of their hearing abilities.

Another important distinction is the amount of text displayed. Subtitles are limited to a few lines on the screen due to space constraints, while surtitles can display larger amounts of text on a larger surface area.

In summary, subtitles and surtitles are both forms of textual translations used in theatrical performances, but they have some key differences. Subtitles are typically used in film or television and are displayed at the bottom of the screen. They translate dialogue or narration for viewers who don't understand the original language, and once projected, they cannot be changed.

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